Transport of Hungary

A good transport system and a fast and cheap transportation help the economical production.

Hungary is the meeting area of the west- east end the north-south transport system of the Carpathian-basin. So the transit traffic (átmenő forgalom) is considerable.

The Hungarian transport system needs development. So they build new-motorways
-railways
-airports
-ports
-navigable canals (hajózható csatorna)

Transit (áruszállítás): 
I. truck (tehergépkocsi) transport
–it need not transhipment (átrakodás)
-relatively cheap
II. railway
– it is appropriate for transport of mass goods (tömegtermékek)

People transport (személyszállítás): 
I. coach-between cities and villages bus-between homes and workplaces
II. air transport-for long distances

Hungarian transport is radial built (sugaras szerkezetű) and it is extremely (túlzottan) Budapest centred.

Density of the transport system is medium compared to (viszonyítani v-mihez) the European average.

Settlements without railway are connected to the transport by coaches.

Railway:

-The name of the Hungarian railway is Hungarian National Railway: MÁV

-There are large differences between the circulation of the certain lines.->some of them are

-It has good joints to the European railway system. given up for today

-It can develop, if it can take place in a larger degree in the combined carriage.

-Railway is faster and cheaper than the truck transport. (kombinált fuvarozás)

-The busiest railway stations:
-Budapest
-Hatvan
-Miskolc
-Debrecen
-Székesfehérvár
-Győr

Road-system:

-Roads are not strong and wide enough for the extended traffic.

-Roads, which are internationally significant, are very crowded (zsúfolt).

-Highways and main roads are side by side the railways.->There are no opportunities to make new economical relations inside the country.

Highways:
-M0:Bp. beltway
-M1:Bp.-Tatabánya-Győr-Hegyeshalom
-M2:Bp.-Vác
-M3:Bp.-Miskolc, Debrecen
-M5:Bp.-Kecskemét-Szeged
-M6:Bp.-Dunaújváros
-M7:Bp.-Székesfehérvár-Zamárdi-Rédics

Main roads:
-Mr2:Bp.-Vác-Hont
-Mr3: Bp.-Miskolc-Tornyosnémeti
-Mr.4:Bp.-Debrecen-Nyíregyháza-Záhony
-Mr.6:Bp.-Pécs
-Mr.8:Székesfehérvár-Szentgotthárd

Navigation (vízi közlekedés):

-Navigation  is only significant in external trade.-Rhine-Main-Danube canal

-The cheapest kind of transport, but it is slow.

-Significant traffic is only on the Danube.

-It has natural disadvantages:
 -autumnal and wintry low tide (vízállás)
-frost
-ice drift (jégzajlás)

Reasons, why lost the watery transport its significance:
-Ships on the Danube are antiquated and there is no money for the development.
-The Danube and the Tisza flow side by side and there is no connection between them.

Air transport:

-This kind of transport develops the fastest.

-The fastest kind of transport, but it is expensive.

-It is economical only in the international transport.

-The name of the Hungarian airline is MALÉV.

-The busiest international airport is Budapest-Ferihegy.

-Other airports are for example in Debrecen and in Sármellék.

The liquid and gaseous goods, such as mineral oil and natural gas, are transported by pipelines (csővezetékek).

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