The Nine Parts of Speech
Three little words you often see,
Are articles – a, an, and the.
A noun’s the name of anything
As school, garden, hoop, or swing.
An adjective tells the kind of noun –
Great, small, pretty, white, or brown.
Instead of nouns the pronouns stand –
Her head, his face, your arm, my hand.
Verbs tell of something to be done,
To read, sing, jump, or run.
How things are done the adverbs tell,
As slowly, quickly, ill, or well.
Conjunctions join words together,
As men and women, wind or weather.
The prepositions stands before
A noun, as at or through the door.
The interjection shows surprise,
As ah! how pretty — Oh! how wise.
The whole are called nine parts of speech,
Which reading, writing, speaking teach.
The poem The Nine Parts of Speech was written by Green Baker in 1865 or 1866.
THE PARTS OF SPEECH
Every name is called a NOUN,
As field and fountain, street and town;
In place of noun the PRONOUN stands
As he and she can clap their hands;
The ADJECTIVE describes a thing,
As magic wand and bridal ring;
The VERB means action, something done –
To read, to write, to jump, to run;
How things are done, the ADVERBS tell,
As quickly, slowly, badly, well;
The PREPOSITION shows relation,
As in the street, or at the station;
CONJUNCTIONS join, in many ways,
Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase;
The INTERJECTION cries out, ‘Hark!
I need an exclamation mark!’
Through Poetry, we learn how each
of these make up THE PARTS OF SPEECH.
This second parts of speech poem is taken from Language and Grammar.
A NOUN’S the name of any thing;
As, school or garden, hoop, or swing.
ADJECTIVES tell the kind of noun;
As, great, small, pretty, white, or brown.
Three of these words we often see
Called ARTICLES — a, an, and the.
Instead of nouns the PRONOUNS stand;
John’s head, his face, my arm, your hand.
VERBS tell of something being done;
As, read, write, spell, sing, jump, or run.
How things are done the ADVERBS tell;
As, slowly, quickly, ill, or well.
They also tell us where and when;
As, here, and there, and now, and then.
A PREPOSITION stands before A NOUN;
as, in, or through, a door.
CONJUNCTIONS sentences unite;
As, kittens scratch and puppies bite.
The INTERJECTION shows surprise;
As O, how pretty! Ah, how wise!
This third parts of speech poem is taken from First Lessons in Language (also called Elements of English Grammar) by David B. Tower and Benjamin F. Tweed. (See pp. 27-28 for the poem.)